Role of fat bodies in oocyte growth and recruitment in the frog Rana cyanophlyctis (Schn.)

Prasadmurthy, Y. S. ; Saidapur, Dr. S. K. (1987) Role of fat bodies in oocyte growth and recruitment in the frog Rana cyanophlyctis (Schn.) Journal of Experimental Zoology, 243 (1). pp. 153-162. ISSN 1097-010X

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Effects of 30-day bilateral fat body excision in February and November and replacement with 10 or 20 mg fresh aqueous fat body homogenate 6 days a week for 30 days, unilaterally or bilaterally fat body excision plus 20 IU human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) in February, and long-term (60 days) fat body excision in March-April were studied in Rana cyanophlyctis. In addition, the effect of ovariectomy on fat body weights in February and November was also studied. The frogs were fed 6 days a week with live guppies and libitum. The ovarian follicular kinetics was studied by estimating the numbers of first growth phase (FGP), medium and large second growth phase (MSGP and LSGP) oocytes and atretic follicles. Regardless of season, 1-month fat body ablation caused a significant reduction in LSGP oocytes, gonadosomatic index, and increase in atretic follicles. Administration of 20 mg fat body homogenate to fat-body-excised frogs prevented the fall in the number of LSGP oocytes and the gonadosomatic index. In fact, there was a significant increase in the LSGP oocytes and percentage weight of ovaries in these frogs. Follicular atresia was greatly reduced due to fat body homogenate (10 or 20 mg) administration. In 30-day unilaterally fat-body-extirpated frogs, the mean weight of the ipsilateral ovary was reduced to 50% compared to that of the shamoperated frogs due to increased follicular atresia and associated decrease in LSGP oocytes. The administration of HCG increased recruitment of SGP oocytes in unilaterally as well as bilaterally fat-body-ablated frogs. This was accompanied by a reduction in atresia of oocytes and elevation of the gonadosomatic index. Interestingly, in long-term fat-body-ablated frogs, ovarian weight recovered and follicular kinetics in them was identical to that found in shamoperated control frogs. Furthermore in 30-day ovariectomized frogs, in both seasons there was a significant rise in fat body weights. The above findings in R. cyanophlyctis suggest that fat bodies have a role in vitellogenesis, and they serve as immediate sources of lipid energy needed for follicular growth. If adequate food is provided to fat-body-excised frogs, after an initial setback, ovarian growth commences by drawing lipids from other sources. It is concluded that fat bodies in the frog have a supporting and possibly not an obligatory role in vitellogenic growth of oocytes.

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Deposited On:27 Mar 2012 07:54
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