Slowly varying dilaton cosmologies and their field theory duals

Awad, Adel ; Das, Sumit R. ; Ghosh, Archisman ; Oh, Jae-Hyuk ; Trivedi, Sandip P. (2009) Slowly varying dilaton cosmologies and their field theory duals Physical Review D, 80 (12). 126011_1-126011_24. ISSN 0556-2821

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We consider a deformation of the AdS5×S5 solution of IIB supergravity obtained by taking the boundary value of the dilaton to be time dependent. The time dependence is taken to be slowly varying on the anti-de Sitter (AdS) scale thereby introducing a small parameter ε. The boundary dilaton has a profile which asymptotes to a constant in the far past and future and attains a minimum value at intermediate times. We construct the supergravity (sugra) solution to first nontrivial order in ε, and find that it is smooth, horizon-free, and asymptotically AdS5×S5 in the far future. When the intermediate values of the dilaton becomes small enough the curvature becomes of order the string scale and the sugra approximation breaks down. The resulting dynamics is analyzed in the dual SU(N) gauge theory on S3 with a time dependent coupling constant which varies slowly. When Nε«1, we find that a quantum adiabatic approximation is applicable, and use it to argue that at late times the geometry becomes smooth AdS5×S5 again. When Nε»1, we formulate a classical adiabatic perturbation theory based on coherent states which arises in the large N limit. For large values of the 't Hooft coupling this reproduces the supergravity results. For small 't Hooft coupling the coherent state calculations become involved and we cannot reach a definite conclusion. We argue that the final state should have a dual description which is mostly smooth AdS5 space with the possible presence of a small black hole.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Physical Society.
ID Code:8720
Deposited On:28 Oct 2010 10:56
Last Modified:16 May 2016 18:39

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