Gauge theory formulation of the c=1 matrix model: symmetries and discrete states

Das, Sumit R. ; Dhar, Avinash ; Mandal, Gautam ; Wadia, Spenta R. (1992) Gauge theory formulation of the c=1 matrix model: symmetries and discrete states International Journal of Modern Physics A, 7 (21). pp. 5165-5191. ISSN 0217-7323

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We present a nonrelativistic fermionic field theory in two dimensions coupled to external gauge fields. The singlet sector of the c=1 matrix model corresponds to a specific external gauge field. The gauge theory is one-dimensional (time) and the space coordinate is treated as a group index. The generators of the gauge algebra are polynomials in the single particle momentum and position operators and they form the group W(+)1+∞. There are corresponding Ward identities and residual gauge transformations that leave the external gauge fields invariant. We discuss the realization of the residual symmetries in the Minkowski time theory and conclude that the symmetries generated by the polynomial basis are not realized. We motivate and present an analytic continuation of the model which realizes the group of residual symmetries. We consider the classical limit of this theory and make the correspondence with the discrete states of the c=1 (Euclidean time) Liouville theory. We explain the appearance of the SL(2) structure in W(+)1+∞. We also present all the Euclidean classical solutions and the classical action in the classical phase space. A possible relation of this theory to the N=2 string theory and also self-dual Einstein gravity in four dimensions is pointed out.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd.
ID Code:8684
Deposited On:28 Oct 2010 11:04
Last Modified:04 Jul 2012 08:00

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