Fluctuating non-linear hydrodynamics and the liquid-glass transition

Das, Shankar P. ; Mazenko, Gene F. (1986) Fluctuating non-linear hydrodynamics and the liquid-glass transition Physical Review A, 34 (3). pp. 2265-2282. ISSN 1050-2947

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Official URL: http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevA.34.2265

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.34.2265


We study the fluctuating nonlinear hydrodynamics of compressible fluids. Development of the appropriate field-theoretical description for this problem requires treatment of nonlinearities which arise through the relationship g=ρV, where g is the momentum density, ρ is the mass density, and V is the velocity field. We show how this constraint can be naturally included in a field theory of the Martin-Siggia-Rose type. We analyze the structure of the resulting field theory using the available fluctuation-dissipation theorem. We also develop the perturbation-theory expansion in powers of the temperature and evaluate the contributions from the nonlinearities to one-loop order. We show that the theory is renormalizable in the hydrodynamic limit. This field-theoretical model is used to systematically investigate the origins and viability of the nonlinear density feedback mechanism first identified by Leutheusser as a source of the liquid-glass transition. While we find that the nonlinear couplings driving this mechanism are present, we also find contributions, arising from the nonlinear constraint relating g, ρ, and V, which cut off the mechanism. The cutoff arises from a nonhydrodynamic correction not treated in previous work. While we find that there is no sharp transition, we do find evidence for a rounded version of the transition.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Physical Society.
ID Code:8648
Deposited On:28 Oct 2010 11:10
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