Ability of high hydrostatic pressure treated plasmids and cells of Escherichia coli to genetically transform

Sharma, Arun ; Gautam, Satyendra ; Fotedar, Ram Krishna ; Thomas, Paul ; Kesavan, Parthasaratmy Chenna ; Chidambaram, Rajagopala (1997) Ability of high hydrostatic pressure treated plasmids and cells of Escherichia coli to genetically transform The Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 43 (4). pp. 199-208. ISSN 0022-1260

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Official URL: http://www.journalarchive.jst.go.jp/english/jnlabs...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2323/jgam.43.199


The exposure of plasmid pUC18 and pBR322 DNA to high hydrostatic pressure increased the ability of plasmids to transform competent Escherichia coli cells. For pUC18 plasmid, a pressure of 400MPa, and for pBR322, a pressure of 200MPa was found to provide the highest transformation efficiency. The DNA duplexes of the two plasmids were found to be the most stable for melting conditions at these pressures. At pressures higher than these, both the stability of the duplex DNA and the transformation efficiency were affected. The stabilizing effect of high hydrostatic pressure on the hydrogen bond may be responsible for the observed increase in transformation efficiency of the pressure-exposed plasmid DNA. The possibility of pressure-induced changes in the structure and conformation of DNA was studied using various techniques. In agarose gel electrophoresis, pressure-treated plasmids (pUC18 at 400MPa and pBR322 at 200MPa) consistently showed visibly distinct higher mobility compared to untreated plasmids. Pressure-treated pUC18 as well as pBR322 DNA showed significant reduction in ethidium bromide binding as is evident from the reduced intensity of fluorescence of the dye bound pressure-treated DNA. Spectroscopic studies using circular dichroism and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy also showed significant differences in the absorption profiles of pressure-treated plasmids as compared to an untreated control. These studies revealed that the pressure-induced changes in the conformation of these DNAs may be responsible for the observed increase in the transformation ability of the plasmids. On the other hand, the exposure of competent cells of E. coli to a high hydrostatic pressure of 50MPa not only reduced their colony-forming ability but also drastically reduced their ability to take up plasmid DNA.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Microbiology Research Foundation, University of Tokyo.
Keywords:Conformational Change; Genetic Transformation; High Pressure; Plasmid DNA
ID Code:86221
Deposited On:08 Mar 2012 11:34
Last Modified:08 Mar 2012 11:34

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