Measurement of the neutron fluence on the spallation source at Dubna

Adam, J. ; Ganesan, S. (2005) Measurement of the neutron fluence on the spallation source at Dubna Kerntechnik, 70 (3). pp. 127-132. ISSN 0932-3902

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A 232Th activation sample was exposed directly to the spallation neutrons produced by 1GeV proton colliding with a lead target and other samples of 197Au, 209Bi, 59Co, 115In and 181Ta were irradiated by moderated neutrons after passing through 6 cm of paraffin. Different (n, γ) and (n, xn) reaction products in 232Th, 197Au and 209Bi samples are analyzed by gamma-ray spectrometry to measure the neutron fluence at the positions of the samples. For this purpose a histogram of 'flat' spectrum averaged neutron cross-sections in over thirty given energy groups was determined from the PREPRO-2000 software. Results of measurements are compared with Monte-Carlo simulations by the Dubna CASCADE code. Experimental values for both spallation and moderated neutron fluences are in reasonable agreement with the CASCADE code. Thus, the experimentally measured fluence of moderated neutrons was used to infer the 'one group' reaction cross-sections of 209Bi (n, xn) reactions for x = 6 to 9.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to C. Hanser, Munchen.
ID Code:85503
Deposited On:03 Mar 2012 07:33
Last Modified:03 Mar 2012 07:33

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