Fission and binary fragmentation reactions in 80Se+208Pb and 80Se+232Th systems

Thomas, R. G. ; Kailas, S. ; Kapoor, S. S. ; et., al (2007) Fission and binary fragmentation reactions in 80Se+208Pb and 80Se+232Th systems Physical Review C, 75 (2). 024604_1-024604 _9. ISSN 0556-2813

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Fission and binary fragmentation of the excited nuclear systems of Z=116 and 124 were investigated using the reactions induced by 80Se beams on 208Pb and 232Th targets at bombarding energies ranging from 470 to 630 MeV. The mass and kinetic energy of the binary reaction products were reconstructed by measuring their velocities by the time-of-flight method and the angles of emission using multiwire proportional chambers. Total neutron multiplicities were measured in coincidence with the fragments, using an array of neutron detectors. The fragment mass-energy correlation was studied for the two systems. The average total kinetic energy (TKE) of fragments for the 80Se+208Pb system agrees with earlier measurements and with Viola's systematics in the mass symmetric region for compound nucleus fission, whereas for the 80Se+232Th system, the TKE values are significantly lower. This is also consistent with higher values of total neutron multiplicities observed for the case of 80Se+232Th at comparable available energies. From an extrapolation of the measured total neutron multiplicities for the mass symmetric region to zero compound nucleus excitation energy, the average number of prompt neutrons expected to be emitted in the spontaneous fission of the superheavy Z=116 has been estimated to be Vtotsf=10±2, which is consistent with the value derived for the same compound nucleus populated in the 56Fe+232Th reaction in an earlier work. In the case of the 80Se+232Th system, similar analysis was carried out by taking the average TKE from Viola's systematics for estimating the available energy for particle emission corresponding to compound nucleus fission. In this way, by extrapolating the observed neutron multiplicities to zero compound nucleus excitation energy, a value of Vtotsf=15±2 was obtained for the spontaneous fission of the superheavy Z=124 nucleus. The increase in the average number of neutrons emitted in fission as a function of the atomic number of the nucleus in the superheavy mass region was confirmed by comparing the results of the present work with published data.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The American Physical Society.
ID Code:85496
Deposited On:03 Mar 2012 07:34
Last Modified:12 Apr 2012 07:04

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