Electron spin resonance of semiquinones: Spin-density distribution and carbonyl sigma-pi parameters

Das, M. R. ; Fraenkel, George K. (1965) Electron spin resonance of semiquinones: Spin-density distribution and carbonyl sigma-pi parameters Journal of Chemical Physics, 42 (4). 1350 -1360. ISSN 0021-9606

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Official URL: http://link.aip.org/link/?JCPSA6/42/1350/1

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1696120


The spin-density distributions in the 1,4-benzosemiquinone and 2,5-dioxy-1,4-benzosemiquinone ions have been estimated by measuring the proton and 13C splittings and using reasonable choices for the values of the sigma-pi parameters which relate the splittings to the spin densities for C x C and C x H bonds. The determination of the signs as well as the magnitudes of the 13C splittings was required to obtain the spin densities. With QCHH=-27.0 G in the relation aiH=QCHHρi between proton splitting aiH and carbon-atom-pi-electron spin density ρi, the sigma-pi parameters for the 13C splitting at a carbonyl position were found to be QCOC=17.7 G and QOCC=-27.1 G. The values of QCOC and QOCC depend on the value assumed for QCHH. Contrary to earlier predictions made on the basis of molecular orbital calculations, the sign of the 13C splitting from the 2 position of the ρ-benzosemiquinone ion was found to be negative. This discrepancy results because the MO calculations were performed so as to reproduce proton splittings rather than the entire spin-density distribution, a procedure that is insensitive to the spin densities on the carbonyl carbon and oxygen atoms. New MO calculations were performed to fit the spin densities at all the positions in the radical. The results show that calculations fitted to proton splittings alone are inadequate for predicting spin densities at "blind" positions such as those at the carbon and oxygen atoms of a carbonyl group, or the nitrogen and oxygen atoms of a nitro group. Carbon-13 splittings were also observed in the anthrasemiquinone ion in both ethanol and 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) solutions. The sign of the 9-position 13C splitting changes from +0.70 G in ethanol to -0.47 G in DME solution. By using the sigma-pi parameters for the carbonyl group carbon atom, the spin densities were determined for this radical and MO calculations performed to reproduce the spin-density distributions. The variation of the splittings in the p-benzosemiquinone ion with solvent composition could be accounted for quantitatively by using the newly determined sigma-pi parameters.

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