Sucrose metabolism in developing endosperm of immature wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grain

Mahajan, R. ; Singh, R. (1990) Sucrose metabolism in developing endosperm of immature wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grain Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 27 (5). pp. 324-328. ISSN 0301-1208

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With a view to investigating the role of the enzyme pyrophosphate-fructose-6-phosphate-1-phosphotransferase (PFP) in sucrose breakdown in developing endosperm of wheat grain, the activity of PFP and related enzymes such as phosphofructokinase (PFK), fructose-6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), fructose-6-phosphate-2-kinase (PFK-2) and fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (F2, 6-P2ase) and the contents of the various intermediates of the pathway serving either the substrate or the effectors of these enzymes such as glu-6-P,glu-1-P,fru-6-P,fru-1,6-P2,DHAP,G3P, UDP-glucose, ADP-glucose, Pi,PPi and fru-2,6-P2 have been determined at 5 days intervals starting from day-5 after anthesis until day-40 after anthesis. These enzymes except PFK-2 had their peak activity at day-25 after anthesis. The activity of PFP was several fold higher than that of PFK at each stage of grain development. PFK-2 exhibited the lowest activity. The various intermediates again had their maximum concentration either at day-20 or day-25 after anthesis. Among hexose phosphates studied, glu-6-P was present in highest concentration at each stage of grain development. The level of Pi was much higher than those of PPi and fru-2,6-P2. Similarly, concentration of UDP-glucose was higher than that of ADP-glucose. Based on these results, it is proposed that the major role of the enzyme PFP in developing wheat grain is to provide PPi for sucrose breakdown via sucrose synthase.

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