Trends in the rainfall pattern over India

Guhathakurta, P. ; Rajeevan, M. (2008) Trends in the rainfall pattern over India International Journal of Climatology, 28 (11). pp. 1453-1469. ISSN 0899-8418

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New monthly, seasonal and annual rainfall time series of 36 meteorological subdivisions of India were constructed using the monthly rainfall data for the period 1901-2003 of fixed network of 1476 rain gauge stations. In the new network, on an average, there is one rain gauge station for every 3402 Sq km area. The new rainfall series is temporally as well as spatially homogenous. Linear trend analysis was carried out to examine the long-term trends in rainfall over different subdivisions and monthly contribution of each of the monsoon months to annual rainfall. During the south-west monsoon season, three subdivisions viz. Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Kerala showed significant decreasing trend and eight subdivisions viz. Gangetic WB, West UP, Jammu and Kashmir, Konkan and Goa, Madhya Maharashtra subdivision, Rayalseema, Coastal AP and North Interior Karnataka showed significant increasing trends. It has been found that the contribution of June, July and September rainfall to annual rainfall is decreasing for few subdivisions while contribution of August rainfall is increasing in few other subdivisions. EOF analysis is also done to know the spatial distribution of rainfall. The all India Monthly, seasonal and annual rainfall series constructed based on the 1476 stations are also reported.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords:Rainfall Time Series; Trend; Homogeneous
ID Code:83991
Deposited On:23 Feb 2012 12:20
Last Modified:23 Feb 2012 12:20

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