Cancer of the uterine cervix and human papillomavirus infection

Das, B. C. ; Gopalkrishna, V. ; Hedau, Suresh ; Katiyar, Sanjay (2000) Cancer of the uterine cervix and human papillomavirus infection Current Science, 78 (1). pp. 52-63. ISSN 0011-3891

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Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) have emerged as the principal sexually transmitted causal agents in the development of cancer of the uterine cervix in women. They also cause a variety of benign lesions, warts, intraepithelial neoplasia and anogenital, oral and pharyngeal papillomas. Presently, more than 100 HPV genotypes have been identified in humans, and about one-third of them have been sequenced. Of these, while HPV types 16 and 18 are considered to be the high-risk types, HPV 6 and 11 are the low-risk types in the development of cervical cancer. Evidence for causal role of HPV in the development of cervical neoplasia comes from the etiological and epidemiological observations together with the experimental findings of the molecular pathways elicited by HPV-transforming genes. Further evidence in favour of papillomavirus as the carcinoma virus comes from the findings of presence of HPV infections in cancers of oral, esophageal, larynx and nonmelanoma skin cancers. The oncogenic potentials of the virus have been attributed to its E6 and E7 genes. The products of these two genes stimulate cell proliferation by activating the cell-cycle-specific proteins and interfere with the functions of cellular growth-regulatory proteins, p53 and Rb. Identification and characterization of several human pathogenic HPV types warrant prevention of viral infection through vaccination or therapeutic intervention which could eventually control infection and expression of human pathogenic papillomaviruses.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Current Science Association.
ID Code:8398
Deposited On:26 Oct 2010 11:36
Last Modified:16 May 2016 18:23

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