Effect of pairing fluctuations on low-energy electronic spectra in cuprate superconductors

Banerjee, Sumilan ; Ramakrishnan, T. V. ; Dasgupta, Chandan (2011) Effect of pairing fluctuations on low-energy electronic spectra in cuprate superconductors Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 84 (14). 144525_1-144525_12. ISSN 1098-0121

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Official URL: http://prb.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v84/i14/e144525

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.84.144525


We describe here a minimal theory of tight-binding electrons moving on the square planar Cu lattice of the hole-doped cuprates and mixed quantum mechanically with their own Cooper pairs. The superconductivity occurring at the transition temperature Tc is the long-range, d-wave symmetry phase coherence of these Cooper pairs. Fluctuations, necessarily associated with incipient long-range superconducting order, have a generic large-distance behavior near Tc. We calculate the spectral density of electrons coupled to such Cooper-pair fluctuations and show that features observed in angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments on different cuprates above Tc as a function of doping and temperature emerge naturally in this description. These include "Fermi arcs" with temperature-dependent length and an antinodal pseudogap, which fills up linearly as the temperature increases toward the pseudogap temperature. Our results agree quantitatively with experiment. Below Tc, the effects of nonzero superfluid density and thermal fluctuations are calculated and compared successfully with some recent ARPES experiments, especially the observed bending or deviation of the superconducting gap from the canonical d-wave form.

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ID Code:83439
Deposited On:20 Feb 2012 12:15
Last Modified:11 Jul 2012 10:42

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