Human papillomavirus DNA sequences in adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix in Indian women

Das, B. C. ; Gopalkrishna, V. ; Das, D. K. ; Sharma, J. K. ; Singh, V. ; Luthra, Usha K. (1993) Human papillomavirus DNA sequences in adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix in Indian women Cancer, 72 (1). pp. 147-153. ISSN 0008-543X

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Background: Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is considered to be the principal causal agent in the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Although adenocarcinoma of the cervix originates adjacent to the squamous epithelial neoplastic lesions, the etiopathogenesis of adenocarcinoma is not yet clearly understood. Recent studies have raised more controversy, rather than answering the question of whether specific HPV infection also plays a role in the development of adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Molecular DNA hybridization techniques were used to detect HPV types prevalent in both adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix, which is the most common cancer in Indian women. Methods: Histologically confirmed, formaldehydefixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections from 12 cases of adenocarcinoma and 30 cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix were analyzed retrospectively or the presence of HPV DNA types 6b, 11, 16, and 18 by Southern blot hybridization and in situ hybridization. Results: Of 12 adenocarcinomas, 5 (41.67%) tumors were positive for HPV DNA. All five cases were positive for HPV 16, and two (16.6%) of these were hybridized again to the HPV 18-specific DNA probe. All tumors were negative for HPV 6b and 11. In addition, no biopsy specialnens were positive after hybridization with a mixed probe of HPV 31, 33, 35, 39, and 45. These results were compared to those obtained for 30 squamous cell carcinomas of the cervix. Although 20 (66%) were exclusively positive for HPV 16 and 6 (20%), more tumors were of HPV 16 related types as detected under nonstringent conditions of hybridization, only one (3%) was positive for HPV 18. The results of in situ hybridization were found to be in good agreement with those of Southern blotting. Conclusions: HPV 16 is the type present almost exclusively in squamous cell carcinoma of Indian women. A higher frequency of HPV 16 in adenocarcinoma of Indian women, in contrast to HPV 18, as reported from other regions, may be attributed to geographic variation rather than to histologic differences only, and both HPV 16 and 18 may be present in adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Cancer Society.
Keywords:Human Papillomavirus; Cervical Cancer; Adenocarcinoma; Squamous Cell Carcinoma; In Situ Hybridization; Southern Blot Hybridization
ID Code:8332
Deposited On:26 Oct 2010 11:44
Last Modified:16 May 2016 18:21

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