Experimentation in biology of plant abiotic stress responses

Grover, Anil ; Kapoor, Avnish ; Katiyar-agarwal, Surekha ; Agarwal, Manu ; Sahi, Chandan ; Jain, Prashan ; Kotak, Sachin ; Agarwal, Sangeeta ; Dubey, Himanshu (2001) Experimentation in biology of plant abiotic stress responses Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy - Part B: Biological Sciences, 67 (5). pp. 189-214. ISSN 0370-0046

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During the course of growth under natural field conditions, crop plants are exposed to a number of different abiotic stresses (such as water stress, temperature stress, salt stress, flooding stress, chemical stress and oxidative stress). These stresses exert adverse effects on metabolism, growth and yield of the crops. The intensity of the abiotic stresses is on the rise, implying that various possible solutions for mitigating the damage caused by such stresses must be combined for future increase in crop production. At the level of plant genetics, there are indications that it may be possible to improve plants against such stress factors. However, the practical success in this regard depends on how well we understand the biochemistry. physiology and molecular biology of the plant abiotic stress responses. The cellular response of plants to abiotic stresses is of complex nature involving simultaneous interplay of several mechanisms. Although there is a great deal of progress in cataloguing the biochemical reactions that are associated with plant abiotic stress responses, precise understanding of the defense reactions leading to acquisition of stress tolerance remains a challenge. A number of different experimental systems including lower and higher plants as well as microbes have been analyzed for examining the plant abiotic stress responses. The molecular analysis of the stress response has been carried out at the level of stress proteins, stress genes, stress promoters, trans-acting factors that bind to stress promoters and signal transduction components involved in mediation of stress responses. The functional relevance of the stress - associated genes is being tested in different trans-systems including yeast as well as higher plant species. In this article, we discuss selective features of experimentation in biology of plant abiotic stress responses.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian National Science Academy.
Keywords:Abiotic Stress Response; Biotechnology; Experimentation; Molecular Biology
ID Code:82846
Deposited On:15 Feb 2012 12:35
Last Modified:18 May 2016 23:54

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