A genetic analysis of HIV-1 from Punjab, India reveals the presence of multiple variants

Jameel, Shahid ; Zafrullah, Mohammad ; Ahmad, Masood ; Kapoor, Gurpreet Singh ; Sehgal, Shobha (1995) A genetic analysis of HIV-1 from Punjab, India reveals the presence of multiple variants AIDS, 9 (7). pp. 685-690. ISSN 0269-9370

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Objective: To determine the extent of HIV-1 genetic variation in Indian patients. Design: To avoid any bias in selecting viral variants, HIV-1 DNA was amplified directly from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients and sequenced. Genetic similarity between Indian sequences and other geographic isolates was analysed by phylogenetic analysis algorithms. Methods: A fragment encompassing the C2/V3-V5 regions of HIV-1 gp120 was amplified from the lymphocyte DNA of 12 Indian patients. Multiple clones from each patient were sequenced. Nucleotide sequences encompassing about 650 base pairs were aligned for the Indian and other geographically distinct isolates. Inter-isolate relationships were analysed by means of distance, parsimony and neighbour-joining algorithms. Results: Nucleotide sequence comparisons showed low interpatient variation. Amino-acid comparisons revealed a high degree of homology between Indian sequences in this study and those studied earlier. On distance and parsimony trees, most of the Indian sequences clustered together as subtype C. However, sequences from three patients also showed significant homologies and phylogenetic clustering outside of subtype C. Conclusions: The predominant strain of HIV-1 in India belongs to subtype C and little interpatient nucleotide sequence divergence in the majority of cases suggests recent spread of HIV-1 in this region. This study also presents the first evidence for non-C subtypes in the Indian population with two epidemiologically linked samples remaining unclassified for any existing env subtype. The presence of variant subtypes in Indian patients sheds light on the transmission routes of HIV-1 to India and emphasizes the need to include these sequences in vaccine development strategies.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Keywords:HIV-1; India; Punjab; Env; Gp 120; V3 Loop; Phylogenetic Tree; Viral Subtypes
ID Code:81899
Deposited On:08 Feb 2012 15:24
Last Modified:08 Feb 2012 15:24

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