Fractional AC Josephson effect in unconventional superconductors

Kwon, Hyok-Jon ; Yakovenko, V. M. ; Sengupta, K. (2004) Fractional AC Josephson effect in unconventional superconductors Low Temperature Physics, 30 (7). 613_1-613_8. ISSN 1063-777X

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For certain orientations of Josephson junctions between two px-wave or two d-wave superconductors, the subgap Andreev bound states produce a 4π-periodic relation between the Josephson current I and the phase difference φ: I ∝sin(φ/2). Consequently, the ac Josephson current has the fractional frequency eV/ħ, where V is the dc voltage. In the tunneling limit, the Josephson current is proportional to the first power (and not the square) of the electron tunneling amplitude. Thus, the Josephson current between unconventional superconductors is carried by single electrons, rather than by Cooper pairs. The fractional ac Josephson effect can be observed experimentally by measuring the frequency spectrum of microwave radiation from the junction.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Keywords:Josephson Effect; D-wave Superconductivity; Bound States
ID Code:81322
Deposited On:06 Feb 2012 05:06
Last Modified:18 May 2016 22:56

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