A Study on the nature of genetic divergence in rice from Assam and North East Himalayas

Vairavan, S. ; Siddiq, E. A. ; Arunachalam, V. ; Swaminathan, M. S. (1973) A Study on the nature of genetic divergence in rice from Assam and North East Himalayas Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 43 (5). pp. 213-221. ISSN 0040-5752

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Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00309136


A representative group of 190 rice types collected from North-East India along with four standard varieties, three of which were indicas and one japonica, was studied to understand the nature of genetic divergence. Preliminary grouping was done by canonical analysis and the resultant 42 groups were further classified using the D2 statistic. The final grouping resulted in nine divergent clusters. The three indica standards were found in three different clusters indicating the wide available variability among them. The japonica standard formed a separate group by itself. A majority of the North-East Indian types formed clusters with indicas, whereas some were intermediate and still others were closer to japonica or indica, thus indicating a series of intergrades bridging indica and japonica. Height followed by leaf area was found to be important for primary and 100-grain weight, followed by amylose content for secondary differentiation. It appears that natural selection as well as human selection might have operated for characters differentiating rice types in Assam and North Eastern Himalayas. Geographical distance was not found to be related to genetic divergence. The study suggests that O. sativa contains innumerable but divergent forms, and its classification into definite varietal groups on an arbitrary basis such as isolation barrier, sexual affinity or geographic distribution would be far from reality.

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