Numerical simulation of solidification of liquid aluminum alloy flowing on cooling slope

Kund, N. K. ; Dutta, P. (2010) Numerical simulation of solidification of liquid aluminum alloy flowing on cooling slope Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 20 (3). s898-s905. ISSN 1003-6326

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Preparation of semisolid slurry using a cooling slope is increasingly becoming popular, primarily because of the simplicity in design and ease control of the process. In this process, liquid alloy is poured down an inclined surface which is cooled from underneath. The cooling enables partial solidification and the incline provides the necessary shear for producing semisolid slurry. However, the final microstructure of the ingot depends on several process parameters such as cooling rate, incline angle of the cooling slope, length of the slope and initial melt superheat. In this work, a CFD model using volume of fluid (VOF) method for simulating flow along the cooling slope was presented. Equations for conservation of mass, momentum, energy and species were solved to predict hydrodynamic and thermal behavior, in addition to predicting solid fraction distribution and macrosegregation. Solidification was modeled using an enthalpy approach and a volume averaged technique for the different phases. The mushy region was modeled as a multi-layered porous medium consisting of fixed columnar dendrites and mobile equiaxed/fragmented grains. The alloy chosen for the study was aluminum alloy A356, for which adequate experimental data were available in the literature. The effects of two key process parameters, namely the slope angle and the pouring temperature, on temperature distribution, velocity distribution and macrosegregation were also studied.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Simulation; Cooling Slope; Slurry; Solidification; A356 Al Alloy; Semi-solid
ID Code:80923
Deposited On:02 Feb 2012 09:33
Last Modified:02 Feb 2012 09:33

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