Application of heterogeneous vacancy solution theory to characterization of microporous solids

Ding, L. P. ; Bhatia, S. K. (2001) Application of heterogeneous vacancy solution theory to characterization of microporous solids Carbon, 39 (14). pp. 2215-2229. ISSN 0008-6223

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The vacancy solution theory of adsorption is re-formulated here through the mass-action law, and placed in a convenient framework permitting the development of thermodynamically consistent isotherms. It is shown that both the multisite Langmuir model and the classical vacancy solution theory expression are special cases of the more general approach when the Flory-Huggins activity coefficient model is used, with the former being the thermodynamically consistent result. The improved vacancy solution theory approach is further extended here to heterogeneous adsorbents by considering the pore-width dependent potential along with a pore size distribution. However, application of the model to numerous hydrocarbons as well as other adsorptives on microporous activated carbons shows that the multisite model has difficulty in the presence of a pore size distribution, because pores of different sizes can have different numbers of adsorbed layers and therefore different site occupancies. On the other hand, use of the classical vacancy solution theory expression for the local isotherm leads to good simultaneous fit of the data, while yielding a site diameter of about 0.257 nm, consistent with that expected for the potential well in aromatic rings on carbon pore surfaces. It is argued that the classical approach is successful because the Flory-Huggins term effectively represents adsorbate interactions in disguise. When used together with the ideal adsorbed solution theory the heterogeneous vacancy solution theory successfully predicts binary adsorption equilibria, and is found to perform better than the multisite Langmuir as well as the heterogeneous Langmuir model.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:A. Activated Carbon; C. Adsorption, Modelling; D. Microporosity
ID Code:80716
Deposited On:01 Feb 2012 11:52
Last Modified:01 Feb 2012 11:52

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