Influence of adsorbate interaction on transport in confined spaces

Bhatia, Suresh K. (2006) Influence of adsorbate interaction on transport in confined spaces Adsorption Science and Technology, 24 (2). pp. 101-116. ISSN 0263-6174

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This article provides a review of the recent theory of transport in nanopores developed in the author's laboratory. In particular the influence of fluid-solid interactions on the transport coefficient is examined, showing that such interactions reduce the value of the coefficient by almost an order of magnitude in comparison to the Knudsen theory for non-interacting systems. The activation energy and potential energy barriers for diffusion in smooth pores with a one-dimensional potential energy profile are also discussed, indicating the inadequacy of the commonly used assumption of proportionality between the activation energy and heat of adsorption or the minimum pore potential energy. A further feature affected by fluid-solid interactions is the nature of the reflection of fluid molecules colliding with a pore wall surface, varying from being nearly specular -such as in carbon nanotubes - to nearly diffuse for amorphous solids. Diffuse reflection leads to momentum loss and reduced transport coefficients. However, fluid-solid interactions do not affect the transport coefficient in the single-file diffusion regime when the surface reflection is diffuse, and the transport coefficient in this case is largely independent of the adsorbed density.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Multi-Science Publishing Co Ltd.
ID Code:80708
Deposited On:01 Feb 2012 11:59
Last Modified:01 Feb 2012 11:59

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