Clinical features of diabetes in the young as seen at a diabetes centre in South India

Ramachandran, Ambady ; Mohan, Viswanathan ; Snehalatha, Chamukuttan ; Bharani, Gopalan ; Chinnikrishnudu, Muthyala ; Mohan, Rema ; Viswanathan, Moopil (1988) Clinical features of diabetes in the young as seen at a diabetes centre in South India Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 4 (2). pp. 117-125. ISSN 0168-8227

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This study reports on the clinical pattern of 545 consecutive young diabetic patients with age at onset below 30 years attending a diabetes centre in Southern India. Three hundred and fourteen patients (57.7%) were classified as having non-insulin-dependent diabetes of the young (NIDDY), 119 (22%) as insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM) and 28 (5%) as malnutrition-related diabetes (MRDM); 4% fibrocalculous pancreatic diabetes and 1% protein-deficient pancreatic diabetes. The remaining 84 patients could not be classified into any of the above categories. A positive family history of diabetes was more common in NIDDY compared to the other groups (P < 0.001). While 40.3% of patients with IDDM had age at onset below 15 years, the other types of diabetes were rarely seen in patients younger than this. Body mass index (BMI) did not reliably indicate the MRDM forms of diabetes as 70% of patients with IDDM also had a BMI of less than 18, one of the criteria recommended for the diagnosis of MRDM. C-peptide levels in MRDM were intermediate between the IDDM and NIDDY groups. Microvascular complications were present in all the groups of young diabetics. The frequency was higher in NIDDY patients who also had a longer duration of diabetes. There was an increasing prevalence of complications with increasing duration of diabetes.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Diabetes in the Young; Non-insulin-dependent Diabetes of the Young; Diabetes; Malnutrition-related; Diabetes; Tropical; Diabetes; Tropical Pancreatic; Diabetes; Fibrocalculous Pancreatic
ID Code:80498
Deposited On:01 Feb 2012 09:37
Last Modified:01 Feb 2012 09:37

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