Diagnosis and genotyping of Helicobacter pylori by polymerase chain reaction of bacterial DNA from gastric juice

Datta, S. ; Chattopadhyay, S. ; Chowdhury, A. ; Santra, A. ; Saha, D. R. ; Ramamurthy, T. ; Bhattacharya, S. K. ; Berg, D. E. ; Nair, G. B. ; Mukhopadhyay, A. K. (2005) Diagnosis and genotyping of Helicobacter pylori by polymerase chain reaction of bacterial DNA from gastric juice Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 20 (8). pp. 1253-1259. ISSN 0815-9319

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1440-...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1746.2005.03811.x


Background: Efficient and accurate detection of Helicobacter pylori infection as well as identification of virulence-associated alleles are important for the treatment of gastroduodenal diseases caused by this gastric pathogen. The present study was performed to test the efficiency of gastric juice polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for the rapid detection of H. pylori infection and to determine the bacterial genotypes without the need for culture, which is often not feasible especially in developing countries. Methods: DNA was extracted from gastric juice samples collected from 45 subjects and was used to amplify urease B gene (ureB) for H. pylori. Results obtained from this method were further confirmed by rapid urease test (RUT), histology and culture. Genotypes of the infected strains predicted from gastric juice PCR were compared to the genotype data obtained from the isolated strains. Results: Among 45 cases, 32 were positive by RUT, 37 by histological examination, 25 by gastric juice PCR method, while culture yielded positive results for 19 samples. Except for one case, all the 19 culture-positive strains gave the same genotype with the gastric juice PCR result. It was found that the gastric juice PCR is more efficient for detection of multiple-strain infection as compared to genotype data obtained from strains isolated as pooled culture. Conclusions: This moderately sensitive technique could be employed with good efficiency, particularly in cases where it is difficult to obtain biopsy. Moreover, with this method bacterial genotype could be obtained.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords:Gastric Juice; Histology; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Rapid Urease Test
ID Code:80435
Deposited On:01 Feb 2012 10:19
Last Modified:01 Feb 2012 10:19

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