Arthritis in sarcoidosis

Govindarajan, Vaidehi ; Agarwal, V. ; Aggarwal, Amita ; Misra, R. (2001) Arthritis in sarcoidosis Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 49 . pp. 1145-1147. ISSN 0004-5772

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Aims and methods : Sarcoidosis is systemic granulomatous disorder. Articular manifestations have received little attention in the literature. Case records of patients with sarcoidosis, presenting with articular symptoms between 1990-1999, were retrospectively analysed. Results : Twenty nine patients, 15 males and 14 females, median age 44 years (range 15-67 years) and median duration of articular symptoms of eight months diagnosed clinically (n=9) and on biopsy (n=20) were studied. Twenty five patients had arthritis as the presenting manifestation. Fifteen patients had chronic arthritis (>six months). Lofgren,s syndrome was seen in 7% of the patients. Acute arthritis was episodic (n=4), more common in males (M:F = 9:5), predominantly affected lower limb joints and mimicked reactive arthritis. Chronic arthritis was more frequently observed in females (M:F = 1:2) and presented with involvement of bilateral symmetric hand joints, mimicking rheumatoid arthritis. Extra-articular manifestations like neuropathy and constitutional symptoms were observed in acute arthritis. Skin plaque, splenomegaly and interstitial lung disease were seen with chronic arthritis. At a median follow up of 12 months, 10/14 and 5/15 achieved complete remission whereas 2/14 and 9/15 achieved partial remission of the articular symptoms in the acute and chronic groups, respectively. Conclusion : Arthritis in sarcoidosis is an early manifestation of disease and may mimic reactive or rheumatoid arthritis. Unsatisfactory response in chronic arthritis highlights the need for immunosuppressive drugs in addition to steroids.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Association of Physicians of India.
ID Code:79508
Deposited On:27 Jan 2012 13:15
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