mTOR Signaling pathway regulates the IL-12/IL-10 axis in Leishmania donovani infection

Cheekatla, Satyanarayana Swamy ; Aggarwal, Amita ; Naik, Sita (2012) mTOR Signaling pathway regulates the IL-12/IL-10 axis in Leishmania donovani infection Medical Microbiology and Immunology, 201 (1). pp. 37-46. ISSN 0300-8584

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Leishmania-induced interleukin-12 (IL-12) expression is negatively regulated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 pathways in human monocyte derived macrophages (MDMs). To extend these studies, we examined the pathways downstream from PI3K in L. donovani-induced reciprocal regulation of IL-12/IL-10 axis in THP-1-derived macrophages. We show for the first time that in THP-1-derived macrophages and human monocytes, mTOR inhibition by rapamycin reversed L. donovani-induced IL-12 and IL-10 modulation. L. donovani-induced phosphorylation of P70S6K, a correlate of mTOR activity, in TLR-stimulated THP-1 derived macrophages. This increase in P70S6K phosphorylation was completely blocked by rapamycin (mTOR inhibitor) and partially by wortmannin (PI3K inhibitor). These observations suggest that a PI3K independent pathway is operative in the modulation of IL-12 and IL-10. Blocking of TLR2 significantly attenuated IL-10 induced by the parasite, but did not affect IL-12 production. Thus, our data suggests that intracellular network of PI3K and mTOR pathway control IL-12/IL-10 modulation by L. donovani. mTOR inhibitors may be attractive molecules to reverse this modulation and may result in control of disease.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords:THP-1; L.donovani; PI3K; mTOR; Rapamycin
ID Code:79465
Deposited On:27 Jan 2012 14:38
Last Modified:27 Jan 2012 14:38

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