Control of scour at vertical circular piles under waves and current

Dey, Subhasish ; Mutlu Sumer, B. ; Fredsøe, Jørgen (2006) Control of scour at vertical circular piles under waves and current Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 132 (3). pp. 270-279. ISSN 0733-9429

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An experimental study on the control of scour at vertical circular piles under monochromatic waves and a steady current is presented. The experiments on wave and steady currents were carried out under live-bed and clear-water regimes, respectively. In waves, splitter plate attached to the pile along the vertical plane of symmetry and threaded pile (helical wires or cables wrapped spirally on the pile to form threads) were found to be effective to reduce the scour depth. For the Keulegan-Carpenter numbers 6-100, the vortex shedding is the main mechanism of scour under waves. The splitter plate and threaded pile disrupt the vortex shedding. The average reduction of the scour depth by the splitter plate was 61.6%. For threaded piles, different combinations of cable and pile sizes were tested, and the best combination was found for a cable-pile diameter ratio equaling 0.75, in which average scour depth reduction was 51.1%. The average reductions of scour depths for other cable-pile diameter ratios of 0.33 and 0.5 were 43.2 and 48.1%, respectively. On the other hand, in a steady current, the threaded pile proved to be effective to control scour depth to a great extent. Cables wrapped spirally forming threads on the pile help to weaken the downflow and horseshoe vortex, which are the principal agents of scour under a steady current. The experimental results showed that the scour depth consistently decreases with an increase in cable diameter and the number of threads, and with a decrease in thread angle. The maximum reduction of scour depth observed was 46.3% by using a triple threaded pile having a thread angle of 15° and a cable-pile diameter ratio of 0.1. The proposed methods of controlling scour are easy to install and are economical.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society of Civil Engineers.
Keywords:Scour; Erosion; Water Waves; Wave Velocity; Currents; Sediment Transport; Hydraulics; Piles
ID Code:79044
Deposited On:24 Jan 2012 07:38
Last Modified:24 Jan 2012 07:38

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