Characteristics of horseshoe vortex in developing scour holes at piers

Dey, Subhasish ; Raikar, Rajkumar V. (2007) Characteristics of horseshoe vortex in developing scour holes at piers Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 133 (4). pp. 399-413. ISSN 0733-9429

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The outcome of an experimental study on the turbulent horseshoe vortex flow within the developing (intermediate stages and equilibrium) scour holes at cylindrical piers measured by an acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV) are presented. Since the primary objective was to analyze the evolution of the turbulent flow characteristics of a horseshoe vortex within a developing scour hole, the flow zone downstream of the pier was beyond the scope of the investigation. Experiments were conducted for the approaching flow having undisturbed flow depth ( = 0.25 m) greater than twice the pier diameter and the depth-averaged approaching flow velocity ( = 0.357 m/s) about 95% of the critical velocity of the uniform bed sand that had a median diameter of 0.81 mm. The flow measurements by the ADV were taken within the intermediate (having depths of 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75 times the equilibrium scour depth) and equilibrium scour holes (frozen by spraying glue) at a circular pier of diameter 0.12 m. In order to have a comparative study, the ADV measurements within an equilibrium scour hole at a square pier (side facing the approaching flow) of sides equaling the diameter of the circular pier were also taken. The contours of the time-averaged velocities, turbulence intensities, and Reynolds stresses at different azimuthal planes (0, 45, and 90° ) are presented. Vector plots of the flow field at azimuthal planes reveal the evolution of the characteristics of the horseshoe vortex flow associated with a downflow from intermediate stages to equilibrium condition of scour holes. The bed-shear stresses are determined from the Reynolds stress distributions. The flow characteristics of the horseshoe vortex are discussed from the point of view of the similarity with the velocity and turbulence characteristic scales. The imperative observation is that the flow and turbulence intensities in the horseshoe vortex flow in a developing scour hole are reasonably similar.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society of Civil Engineers.
Keywords:Fluid Flow; Turbulent Flow; Open Channel Flow; Scour; Sediment Transport; Steady Flow; Hydraulics
ID Code:79033
Deposited On:23 Jan 2012 15:02
Last Modified:23 Jan 2012 15:02

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