Decarboxylation of Hydrogencarbonatopentamminecobalt(III) in Aquo-organic solvent media

Dash, Anadi C. ; Dash, Neelamadhab ; Das, Prafulla K. ; Pradhan, Jyotsnamayee (1991) Decarboxylation of Hydrogencarbonatopentamminecobalt(III) in Aquo-organic solvent media Journal of the Chemical Society Faraday Transactions, 87 (23). pp. 3753-3759. ISSN 0956-5000

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The decarboxylation of hydrogencarbonatopentaamminecobalt(III) has been investigated in aqueous, 99% D2O and aquo-organic solvent media (0-70 wt.% of cosolvent) at 15 ≤ t/°C ≤ 40 (I = 0.02 mol dm-3), using methanol, propan-2-01, tert-butyl alcohol, ethylene glycol, acetone, acetonitrile, DMSO and ethylene carbonate as cosolvents. The solvent isotope effects on rate (kH2O/kD2O=O 1.0 at 1535°C) and activation parameters (ΔH = 77.7 ± 1.0, 77.8 ± 0.9 kJ mol-1 and ΔS = 16 ± 3, 16 ± 3 J K-1 mol-1 for aqueous and 99% D,O media, respectively) were negligible. The decarboxylation rate constant increased with increasing mole fraction (Xorg) of the cosolvent and the effect was pronounced at relatively high values of Xorg for the dipolar aprotic cosolvents. This was attributed to a greater degree of destabilisation of the initial state as compared to the transition state with increasing mole fraction of the cosolvent. The In ks vs. 1/εs plots (ks is the rate constant and εs, the bulk relative permittivity) showed marked dependence on the nature of the cosolvents; the gradients of such plots generally increased with increasing dipole moment of the cosolvent molecules, indicating thereby that the solvation of the initial state and the transition state of the substrate is governed by the ion-dipole interactions between the water and cosolvent molecules. The relative transfer free energy of activation, [ΔΔGt](s←w), decreased linearly with Xorg for all mixed-solvent media, indicating that the preferential solvation effect is not significant. The activation enthalpy and entropy vs. Xorg plots displayed extrema suggesting that these thermodynamic parameters are sensitive to the structural changes in the bulk solvent phase. The solvent effects on ΔH and ΔS are mutually compensatory.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
ID Code:78329
Deposited On:19 Jan 2012 06:29
Last Modified:18 May 2016 21:10

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