Development of a radioimmunoassay for human seminal plasma inhibin

Vaze, A. Y. ; Thakur, A. N. ; Sheth, A. R. (1979) Development of a radioimmunoassay for human seminal plasma inhibin Journal of Reproductivity and Fertility Supplement, 26 . pp. 135-146. ISSN 0449-3087

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Using a homogeneous inhibin preparation from human seminal plasma with a molecular weight of about 19 000, a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) for inhibin has been developed. None of the purified hormones tested, such as LH, FSH and prolactin from different species, showed any cross-reaction in this RIA. Steroid hormones such as testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, oestradiol-17 beta and progesterone did not interfere with the assay. The antiserum had an affinity constant (Ka) of 2.379 × 10(9). The assay sensitivity was 10-15 ng per tube and the intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation were 5-7% (n = 6) and 15% (n = 10) respectively. The recovery for inhibin added to the serum of a castrated man was 95-110%. Using this RIA, inhibin levels in various biological fluids and tissues were measured. Normo-spermic semen contained significantly higher levels of inhibin than did oligospermic semen. Human prostate contained a substantial quantity of inhibin. Monkey semen, rat serum, and bovine, ovine and porcine follicular fluids cross-reacted in the RIA, while ram testicular inhibin and bull semen did not do so. In developing (9-28 days of age) male rats, circulating inhibin levels showed an inverse relationship with serum FSH levels. In female rats of this age endogenous inhibin concentrations changed in parallel with those of serum FSH.

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