An atypical KdpD homologue from the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain L-31: cloning, in vivo expression, and interaction with Escherichia coli KdpD-CTD

Ballal, Anand ; Bramkamp, Marc ; Rajaram, Hema ; Zimmann, Petra ; Apte, Shree Kumar ; Altendorf, Karlheinz (2005) An atypical KdpD homologue from the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain L-31: cloning, in vivo expression, and interaction with Escherichia coli KdpD-CTD Journal of Bacteriology, 187 (14). pp. 4921-4927. ISSN 0021-9193

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Official URL: http://jb.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/187/14/4921

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JB.187.14.4921-4927.2005

Abstract

The kdpFABC operon of Escherichia coli, coding for the high-affinity K+ transport system KdpFABC, is transcriptionally regulated by the products of the adjacently located kdpDE genes. The KdpD protein is a membrane-bound sensor kinase consisting of a large N-terminal domain and a C-terminal transmitter domain interconnected by four transmembrane segments (the transmembrane segments together with the C-terminal transmitter domain of KdpD are referred to as CTD), while KdpE is a cytosolic response regulator. We have cloned and sequenced the kdp operon from a nitrogen-fixing, filamentous cyanobacterium, Anabaena sp. strain L-31 (GenBank accession. number AF213466). The kdpABC genes are similar in size to those of E. coli, but the kdpD gene is short (coding only for 365 amino acids), showing homology only to the N-terminal domain of E. coli KdpD. A kdpE-like gene is absent in the vicinity of this operon. Anabaena KdpD with six C-terminal histidines was overproduced in E. coli and purified by Ni2+-nitrilotriacetic acid affinity chromatography. With antisera raised against the purified Anabaena KdpD, the protein was detected in Anabaena sp. strain L-31 membranes. The membrane-associated or soluble form of the Anabaena KdpD(6His) could be photoaffinity labeled with the ATP analog 8-azido-ATP, indicating the presence of an ATP binding site. The coproduction of Anabaena KdpD with E. coli KdpD-CTD decreased E. coli kdpFABC expression in response to K+ limitation in vivo relative to the wild-type KdpD-CTD protein. In vitro experiments revealed that the kinase activity of the E. coli KdpD-CTD was unaffected, but its phosphatase activity increased in the presence of Anabaena KdpD(6His). To our knowledge this is the first report where a heterologous N-terminal domain (Anabaena KdpD) is shown to affect in trans KdpD-CTD (E. coli) activity, which is just opposite to that observed for the KdpD-N-terminal domain of E. coli.

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