Pressure induced twist grain boundary phase

Krishna Prasad, S. ; Nair, Geetha G. ; Chandrasekhar, S. ; Goodby, J. W. (1995) Pressure induced twist grain boundary phase Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, 260 . pp. 387-394. ISSN 1058-725X

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We report high pressure studies on a binary system of 4-(2'-methyl butyl)phenyl 4'-n-octyl biphenyl-4-carboxylate (CE8 from BDH) and 4-n- dodecyloxy biphenyl-4'-(2'-methyl butyl)benzoate (C12). For the concentration range 0.32<X<0.62, where X is the weight fraction of C12, the system shows the following sequence of transitions at room pressure: Isotropic- Cholesteric (Ch)-Twist Grain Boundary (TGB)-Smectic A (A)Smectic C (C ). For X=0.25, the Ch phase transforms directly to the A phase at 1 bar, but there is an induced TGB phase between the Ch and A phases at elevated pressures. Analysis of the topology of the pressure-temperature diagram in the vicinity of the Ch-TGB-A meeting point indicates that is a critical end point rather than a bicritical point as expected from the mean field theory. At X=0.64 there is a direct TGB-C transition at 1 bar, but there appears a pressure induced A phase between the TGB and C phases. The topology of the phase diagram suggests that the TGB-A-C meeting point is a bicritical point.

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Deposited On:25 Oct 2010 10:44
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