IgG subclass antibodies to Mycobacterial sonicate and recombinant antigens in leprosy

Sheela, R. ; Shankernarayan, N. P. ; Ramu, G. ; Muthukkaruppan, V. R. (1995) IgG subclass antibodies to Mycobacterial sonicate and recombinant antigens in leprosy Leprosy Review, 66 (1). pp. 10-18. ISSN 0305-7518

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In this study the IgG subclass antibodies to sonicated preparations of Mycobacterium leprae (leprosin A) and BCG (BCG-S) as well as to purified recombinant 65 kDa protein of M. leprae (rML65) were analysed in sera from leprosy patients and healthy household contacts (HFC) and noncontacts (HNC) in a leprosy endemic population. In LBI+ (lepromatous bacterial index positive) patients, IgG3 was predominant in the responses to sonicated antigens of M. leprae. Following chemotherapy, IgG3 responses were reduced while IgG2 levels were increased. On the other hand, IgG response to rML65 was dominated by IgG1 in all the patient and control groups. Interestingly, the level of antileprosin A IgG antibody in erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) was similar to that of lepromatous groups, while the level of anti-rML65 IgG antibody was significantly reduced in ENL. IgG4 antibodies to the antigens studied were only at low levels in all groups, including ENL. Significant differences were observed between HNC and HFC in the pattern of IgG subclass antibodies to sonicated antigens, even though their antigen specific IgG levels were similar. While HNC showed equivalent proportion of IgG1 and IgG2 in their responses to leprosin A and BCG-S, HFC showed a specific increase in IgG1 levels, suggesting that both groups are distinctly different. Further studies are required to elucidate the functional significance of IgG subclass pattern in pathogenesis and the mechanism of immunoregulation resulting in the high levels of IgG1 and IgG3 antibodies to M. leprae protein antigens in lepromatous leprosy.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The British Leprosy Relief Association.
ID Code:75310
Deposited On:22 Dec 2011 06:22
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