Altered regulation of hepatic heme metabolism in cadmium exposed chick embryo

Prasad, A. R. ; Datta, K. (1984) Altered regulation of hepatic heme metabolism in cadmium exposed chick embryo Biochemistry International, 8 (2). pp. 289-298. ISSN 0158-5231

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An investigation on the process of heme metabolism with special emphasis on ALA synthetase, heme synthetase and heme oxygenase was studied in cadmium exposed chick embryo to enlighten the mechanism of cadmium embryotoxicity. Cadmium chloride injection (2.5-10 mumole/kg) to chick embryo increases the activity of ALA synthetase by 5-7 folds, however, it inhibits the activity of heme synthetase significantly. The activity of heme oxygenase is further shown to be enhanced by cadmium chloride treatment. These changes are accompanied by a marked reduction in hepatic heme content. The induction of ALA synthetase and heme oxygenase was dependent on the initial concentration of exogenous cadmium. Pretreatment with actinomycin D completely blocks the cadmium mediated induction of both ALA synthetase and heme oxygenase. Time course studies on the stimulation of these two enzymes show that cadmium enhances the activity of heme oxygenase to its maximum level after 24 h. of injection, whereas ALA synthetase activity reaches its highest value only by 48 h. and both the enzymes remain elevated at least upto 96 h. This observation can be correlated with the hepatic heme level at different time intervals after cadmium exposure. These observations suggest the presence of regulatory process for heme metabolism which is susceptible to alteration of 'regulatory heme pool' caused by cadmium.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to International Union of Biochemistry.
ID Code:75128
Deposited On:21 Dec 2011 14:14
Last Modified:21 Dec 2011 14:14

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