Electrical conductivity of ion-exchanged oxide glasses

Srivastava, A. K. ; Roy, S. ; Chakravorty, D. (1990) Electrical conductivity of ion-exchanged oxide glasses Journal of Materials Science, 25 (7). pp. 3236-3240. ISSN 0261-8028

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/p034800v248383...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00587680


Bulk glasses in the system Na2O-CaO-Al2O3-B2O3-SiO2 have been subjected to a sodium silver exchange reaction. The application of a suitable combination of electric field and temperature brings about switching to a high conducting state (HIE). The critical electric field,E c, has a value in the range 2 to 20 V cm-1 and E c values decrease as a function of temperature. The resistivity in the HIE state is of the order of 10 Ωcm and the activation energy is 0.01 eV. Wagner's asymmetric polarization cell measurements show that the conductivity is ionic in nature. No switching is observed in the case of glasses subjected to a sodium copper exchange reaction carried out on these glasses at 525 °C for 12h. This is ascribed to the microstructure exhibited by such exchanged samples which consists of copper-rich droplet phases dispersed within a copper-deficient matrix. The rather large inter-droplet separation makes it difficult for the copper-rich phase to grow to its percolation limit.

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