Influence of chromium and impurities on the grain-refining behavior of aluminum

Arjuna Rao, A. ; Murty, B. S. ; Chakraborty, M. (1996) Influence of chromium and impurities on the grain-refining behavior of aluminum Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 27 (3). pp. 791-800. ISSN 1073-5623

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The grain-refining behavior of high purity aluminum (HPA1) and commercial purity aluminum (CPA1) containing Fe and Si as impurities (<0.2 wt pct each) has been studied with and without the presence of Cr in small and large quantities (0.2 and 2 wt pct). The Al-5Ti-lB master alloy ingot (0.2 wt pct) was used as a grain refiner. The emphasis was on the influence of individual elements and their interactions with the other elements on the grain-refining behavior of Al. Good grain refinement with insignificant fading in CPA1 was observed in comparison to HPA1. Similar results were obtained with a small concentration of Cr in HPA1 in HPA1-0.2 wt pct Cr alloy. The CPA1 and HPA1-0.2 wt pct Cr alloy have given the best grain-refining results among all the cases studied. A combination of small quantities of Fe, Si, and Cr (CPA1-0.2 wt pct Cr) has shown early and significant fading. A large concentration of Cr (2 wt pct) has shown a poisoning effect irrespective of the presence or absence of impurities such as Fe and Si in Al. Thus, Cr was found to be beneficial for grain refinement at smaller concentrations in the absence of impurities. But at higher concentrations of Cr, it had an adverse effect,i.e., led to coarser grain sizes both in the presence and absence of impurities.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society.
ID Code:73348
Deposited On:02 Dec 2011 07:59
Last Modified:02 Dec 2011 07:59

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