Transport properties of CdS nanowire embedded poly(3-hexyl thiophene) nanocomposite

Bhattacharya, S. ; Malik, S. ; Nandi, A. K. ; Ghosh, A. (2006) Transport properties of CdS nanowire embedded poly(3-hexyl thiophene) nanocomposite The Journal of Chemical Physics, 125 (17). 174717_1-174717_7. ISSN 0021-9606

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Electrical transport properties of CdS nanowire embedded regioregular poly(3-hexyl thiophene) (P3HT) nanocomposite are investigated and the results are compared with those of the pure P3HT polymer. Both dc and ac conductivities of P3HT and CdS-P3HT nanocomposites show semiconducting nature and conductivity of CdS-P3HT is much less than that of the pure P3HT conducting polymer. The difference in the electrical behavior is attributed to the formation of nanowires in the CdS-P3HT nanocomposite. The dc conductivity data at high and low temperatures are qualitatively consistent with the optical-photon-assisted hopping and variable-range hopping models, respectively. However, the multiphonon-assisted hopping models of small polarons in nonadiabatic regime, which consider strong interactions with electrons with the optical as well as acoustical phonons, are the best to interpret quantitatively the experimental data in the entire temperature range for both P3HT and CdS-P3HT nanocomposites. We observe that the quantum tunneling model of small polarons is consistent with almost every respect of the loss data of P3HT conducting polymer, while for CdS-P3HT nanocomposite the ac conductivity varies with temperature in a different manner, which is explained in terms of simple quantum tunneling model of electrons in contrast to that of pure P3HT conducting polymer.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Keywords:Cadmium Compounds; Organic Semiconductors; II-VI Semiconductors; Wide Band Gap Semiconductors; Organic-inorganic Hybrid Materials; Nanocomposites; Hopping Conduction; Polarons; Phonons; Nanotechnology; Tunnelling; Conducting Polymers
ID Code:72830
Deposited On:29 Nov 2011 13:05
Last Modified:12 Jul 2012 05:07

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