Systematics of multilayer adsorption phenomena on attractive substrates

Pandit, Rahul ; Schick, M. ; Wortis, Michael (1982) Systematics of multilayer adsorption phenomena on attractive substrates Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 26 (9). pp. 5112-5140. ISSN 1098-0121

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This paper presents a systematic classification of multilayer-adsorption phenomena on attractive substrates, with emphasis on the buildup of thick films. The approach is based on statistical mechanics and includes adsorption-desorption effects and the interrelation of bulk and surface behavior. The surface phase diagram depends qualitatively on the relative strengths and ranges of adatom-adatom and adatom-substrate attractions. When the adatom-substrate attraction dominates (strong substrate), the film builds up uniformly, as the bulk adatom density increases, and the excess surface density diverges at coexistence (complete wetting). The buildup proceeds via an infinite sequence of discrete layer transitions (layering) at low temperatures (below the roughening temperature TR and smoothly at higher temperatures, as originally noted by de Oliveira and Griffiths. Substrates of intermediate strength are characterized by a wetting temperature TW above which wetting at coexistence is approached. The relative values of TW and TR define three subregions: When TW<TR layering occurs, with an infinite sequence of transitions between TW and TR when TRT≲W, layer transitions have coalesced into a single thick-film-thin-film transition (prewetting); when TR«TW, prewetting may disappear, leaving only a critical-wetting transition on the coexistence axis. For still weaker substrates, wetting is incomplete at all temperatures; however, a variety of drying phenomena may occur on the high-density side of bulk coexistence. Specific calculations are given for a lattice-gas model at T=0 and in the mean-field approximation. Conclusions are informed, in addition, by certain exact results and symmetries. The last section includes a critical discussion of the relation of the lattice-gas model to the real world and a brief review of relevant experimental data.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to The American Physical Society.
ID Code:72693
Deposited On:29 Nov 2011 04:38
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