Mapping of immunogenic domains on porcine zona pellucida 3 α and β glycoproteins by murine monoclonal antibodies

Gupta, S. K. ; Bagavant, H. ; Chadha, K. ; Gupta, M. ; Yurewicz, E. C. ; Sacco, A. G. (1993) Mapping of immunogenic domains on porcine zona pellucida 3 α and β glycoproteins by murine monoclonal antibodies American Journal of Reproductive Immunology (AJRI), 30 (2-3). pp. 95-100. ISSN 1046-7408

Full text not available from this repository.


Problem: Immunization with zona pellucida (ZP) leads to block in fertility with variable degree of ovarian dysfunctions. To design an immunocontraceptive vaccine based on synthetic peptides of zona pellucida, it is imperative to identify and define epitopes involved in sperm binding. METHOD: Epitopic domains recognized by monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) specific to either porcine ZP3 α or ZP3 β glycoproteins were delineated in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on the ability of a Mab in solution to inhibit the binding of biotinylated ZP3 to another Mab coated on a microtitration plate. Immunoblot studies were carried out to determine the nature of reactive determinants. Porcine oocytes preincubated with Mabs were tested for sperm binding in vitro. Results: Out of 23 Mabs generated, 10 had specificity for ZP3 α and 13 for ZP3 β. By using these antibodies, eight epitopic domains on both ZP3 α and ZP3 β were discernible. On ZP3 beta, epitopic domain DI partially overlaps with DII and DV with DVI, whereas on ZP3 α domains DI to DV were in close proximity with a partial overlap, suggesting the dominance of this region. All 10 Mabs against ZP3 α, and 10 out of 13 against ZP3 β recognized deglycosylated forms of antigens. Seven antibodies having specificities for ZP3 α and ZP3 β respectively recognized linear epitopes. MA-30, having specificity for ZP3 β and MA-420 for ZP3 α and recognizing linear epitopes significantly inhibit the binding of boar sperm to porcine oocytes in vitro. Conclusions: Collectively, these studies indicate the value of utilizing MAbs for identifying and characterizing functionally significant ZP determinants. MAbs recognizing sequential epitopes will help in the elucidation of the amino acid sequence of the epitopes, which will subsequently help in design of synthetic immunocontraceptive vaccines.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
ID Code:72161
Deposited On:28 Nov 2011 06:09
Last Modified:28 Nov 2011 06:09

Repository Staff Only: item control page