Population preference of net texture prior to bed net trial in kala-azar-endemic areas

Das, Murari L. ; Singh, Shri P. ; Vanlerberghe, Veerle ; Rijal, Suman ; Rai, Madhukar ; Karki, Prahlad ; Sundar, Shyam ; Boelaert, Marleen (2007) Population preference of net texture prior to bed net trial in kala-azar-endemic areas PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 1 (3). e100_1-e100_4. ISSN 1935-2735

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Official URL: http://www.plosntds.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.13...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000100


Prior to a community-based efficacy trial of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in the prevention of visceral leishmaniasis (VL; also called kala-azar), a pilot study on preference of tools was held in endemic areas of India and Nepal in September 2005. LLINs made of polyester and polyethylene were distributed to 60 participants, who used the nets sequentially for 7 d. Acceptability and preference were evaluated via indirect indicators through questionnaires at three defined time points before and after use of the LLINs and through focus group discussions (FGDs). In the latter, preferences for color and size were also assessed. Untreated bed nets were owned by 87% of the households prior to the study. All users liked textures of both LLIN types after 7 d of use, but had a slight preference for those made of polyester if they were to recommend a LLIN to relatives or friends (p<0.05), mainly because of their relatively greater softness in comparison to polyethylene LLINs. Users reported that both net types reduced mosquito bites and number of insects, including sand fly (bhusana; genus Phlebotomus), inside the house. Side effects were minor and disappeared quickly. The large-scale intervention trial considered the preferences of the study population to decide on the best tool of intervention - light-blue, rectangular, polyester LLINs of different sizes.

Item Type:Article
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