Chandrasekhar , S. (1956) Theory of turbulence Physical Review, 102 (4). pp. 941-952. ISSN 0031-899X
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Official URL: http://prola.aps.org/abstract/PR/v102/i4/p941_1
Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.102.941
It is pointed out if there are aspects of the turbulence phenomenon which are truly universal, then they should be capable of being characterized in terms of the two parameters ε and ν which denote the constant rate of dissipation of energy per unit mass and the kinemetic viscosity respectively and these two parameters only without reference either to the mean square velocity <μ12>Av or to the size of the largest energy containing eddies. This is a slight modification of Kolmogoroff's similarity principles as currently formulated. It appears that χ=∂ψ(r, t)/∂r, where ψ(r, t)=½<(μ1'-μ1'')2Av, and μ1' and μ1'' are the velocities in the x-direction (say) at two points on the x-axis separated by a distance r and at times an interval t apart, can be so specified. The similarity principles require that if this is the case, χ should be of the form χ≡(ε3/ν)¼X(r(ε/ν3)¼, t(ε/ν)½), where X is a universal function of the arguments specified. In the limit of zero viscosity, χ must have the more special form χ→ Γ⅓σ(t/r⅔) (ν→0). The boundary conditions on σ(x) are that σ=σ0(>0) and dσ/dx=0 at x=0 and σ→0 as x→∞. It is shown that with a slight modification of the premises of the theory described in an earlier paper, an equation for χ can be derived which is compatible with the requirements of the similarity principles as formulated. In particular the ordinary differential equation for σ to which the theory leads can be solved. The solution for σ which is found satisfies all the boundary conditions of the problem and is unique, apart from adjustable scale factors. The predicted evolutions of χ and the vorticity correlations are illustrated.
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|Deposited On:||16 Nov 2011 09:39|
|Last Modified:||16 Nov 2011 09:39|
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