Promotory effect of GA13 on flowering of Amaranthus - a short day plant

Kohli, R. K. ; Sawhney, S. (1979) Promotory effect of GA13 on flowering of Amaranthus - a short day plant Biologia Plantarum, 21 (3). pp. 206-213. ISSN 0006-3134

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The three plant types ofAmaranthus namely,A. caudatus f.albiflorus, A. caudatus f.caudatus andA. tricolor var.tristis are qualitative short day plants with critical photoperiods 16.0, 15.5 and 15.0 h, respectively. Gibberellins A3, A4+7 and A13 affect extension growth, leaf differentiation and floral induction differently. Thus, in all the three plant types ofAmaranthus, whereas, GA3 and G4+7 enhanced extension growth, GA13 was completely ineffective under both, 24- and 8-h photoperiods. None of the three gibberellins could affect the leaf differentiation. In all the three plant types, flowering was promoted by GA13 and not by other gibberellins tried. GA13 caused promotion was manifested in two manners, firstly by lowering the critical dark period requirement in each inductive cycle, and secondly by shortening the total period taken for the initiation of inflorescence primordia under inductive photoperiods. The floral induction by gibberellins inAmaranthus is contrary to the gibberellin-anthesin concept of Chailakhyan. It is suggested that gibberellins other than GA3 may be playing an important role in floral morphogenesis of short day plants.

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ID Code:70071
Deposited On:16 Nov 2011 12:57
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