Temperature-induced phase transitions of the ordered superlattice assembly of Au nanoclusters

Kumar Chaki, Nirmalya ; Vijayamohanan, Kunjukrishna Pillai (2005) Temperature-induced phase transitions of the ordered superlattice assembly of Au nanoclusters The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 109 (7). pp. 2552-2558. ISSN 1089-5647

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp045709x

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp045709x


Superlattices of monolayer protected metallic and semiconducting nanoclusters have attracted significant attention due to their promising applications in nanotechnology. In this paper, we investigate the effect of temperature on the ordered superlattice structure of relatively larger sized Au nanoclusters passivated with dodecanethiol [ca. Au1415(RS)328] with the help of in situ temperature controlled X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared spectroscopy (IR) in conjunction with thermogravimetric (TG) and differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) analysis. In brief, monolayer protected Au nanoclusters (AuMPC) were prepared by a modified Brust synthesis technique, where dodecanethiol itself acts as both phase transfer and simultaneous capping agent during the reduction process, generating an average particle size of 3.72 ± 0.4 nm after repeated solvent extraction and careful fractionation experiments. These particles are characterized with the help of UV-vis, transmission electron microscopic (TEM), IR, and NMR techniques, where effective capping as well as the superlattice formation on the TEM grid is evident from the combined analysis of these results. In situ low-angle XRD analysis shows that the particles undergo an irreversible phase transition in the temperature range of 100-115 °C, which is also reflected in the data from in situ IR analysis. However, the DSC analysis does not account for this phase transition, although the reversible phase transition due to the alkyl chain dynamics is in good agreement with the previously reported results. These results indicate the formation of temperature-induced, diffusion-limited phase transition involving nonequilibrium fractal structures, which is in good agreement with the previous available theoretical studies. The determination of the temperature window for the stability of these ordered assemblies would be used to understand the effect of thermal stress for device applications.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:68918
Deposited On:08 Nov 2011 04:40
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