The structure of strong shock waves using the Fokker-Planck model

Viswanathan, K. S. ; Dwarakanath, G. S. ; Shanbhag, V. V. (1971) The structure of strong shock waves using the Fokker-Planck model Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section A, 74 (3). pp. 115-132. ISSN 0370-0089

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The structure of strong shock waves in monatomic gases is studied using the Fokker-Planck model to represent the particle collisions and the Mott-Smith distribution to describe the distribution function within the shock front. The differential equation governing the variation of the density within the shock is derived by using the variational principle. The thickness of the shock front is evaluated numerically for various monatomic gases for Mach numbers varying from 2 to 20, and besides, the variation of the shock thickness with viscosity is also studied for different gases. Several parameters of physical interest within the shock, such as density, temperature and mean velocity of flow are evaluated numerically and detailed curves showing their variation within the shock are presented for different Mach numbers. It is found that the temperature rises very steeply, reaches a maximum within a distance less than half the thickness of the shock and then diminishes slowly to attain its asymptotic downstream values. The variation of the mean velocity is slow for weak shocks, but for higher Mach numbers, the mean velocity diminishes steeply and reaches the downstream values within half the thickness of the shock.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
ID Code:68463
Deposited On:07 Nov 2011 04:37
Last Modified:18 May 2016 15:16

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