N-terminal PDZ-like domain of chromatin organizer SATB1 contributes towards its function as transcription regulator

Notani, Dimple ; Ramanujam, Praveena L. ; Pavan Kumar, P. ; Gottimukkala, Kamalvishnu P. ; Kumar-Sinha, Chandan ; Galande, Sanjeev (2011) N-terminal PDZ-like domain of chromatin organizer SATB1 contributes towards its function as transcription regulator Journal of Biosciences, 36 (3). pp. 461-469. ISSN 0250-5991

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Official URL: http://www.ias.ac.in/jbiosci/aug2011/461.pdf

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12038-011-9091-4


The special AT-rich DNA-binding protein 1 (SATB1) is a matrix attachment region (MAR)-binding protein that acts as a global repressor via recruitment of CtBP1:HDAC1-containing co-repressors to its binding targets. The N-terminal PSD95/Dlg-A/ZO-1 (PDZ)-like domain of SATB1 mediates interactions with several chromatin proteins. In the present study, we set out to address whether the PDZ-domain-mediated interactions of SATB1 are critical for its in vivo function as a global repressor. We reasoned that since the N-terminal PDZ-like domain (amino acid residues 1-204) lacks DNA binding activity, it would fail to recruit the interacting partners of SATB1 to its genomic binding sites and hence would not repress the SATB1-regulated genes. Indeed, in vivo MAR-linked luciferase reporter assay revealed that overexpression of the PDZ-like domain resulted in de-repression, indicating that the PDZ-like domain exerts a dominant negative effect on genes regulated by SATB1. Next, we developed a stable dominant negative model in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293T cells that conditionally expressed the N-terminal 1-204 region harbouring the PDZ-like domain of SATB1. To monitor the effect of sequestration of the interaction partners on the global gene regulation by SATB1, transcripts from the induced and uninduced clones were subjected to gene expression profiling. Clustering of expression data revealed that 600 out of 19000 genes analysed were significantly upregulated upon overexpression of the PDZ-like domain. Induced genes were found to be involved in important signalling cascades and cellular functions. These studies clearly demonstrated the role of PDZ domain of SATB1 in global gene regulation presumably through its interaction with other cellular proteins.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords:Chromatin Organization; Dominant Negative; Gene Regulation; Transcription
ID Code:67807
Deposited On:02 Nov 2011 10:08
Last Modified:18 May 2016 14:45

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