Dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever: Indian perspective

Chaturvedi, U. C. ; Nagar, Rachna (2008) Dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever: Indian perspective Journal of Biosciences, 33 (4). pp. 429-441. ISSN 0250-5991

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The relationship of this country with dengue has been long and intense. The first recorded epidemic of clinically dengue-like illness occurred at Madras in 1780 and the dengue virus was isolated for the first time almost simultaneously in Japan and Calcutta in 1943-1944. After the first virologically proved epidemic of dengue fever along the East Coast of India in 1963-1964, it spread to allover the country. The first full-blown epidemic of the severe form of the illness, the dengue haemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome occurred in North India in 1996. Aedes aegypti is the vector for transmission of the disease. Vaccines or antiviral drugs are not available for dengue viruses; the only effective way to prevent epidemic degure fever/dengue haemorrhagic fever (DF/DHF) is to control the mosquito vector, Aedes aegypti and prevent its bite. This country has few virus laboratories and some of them have done excellent work in the area of molecular epidemiology, immunopathology and vaccine development. Selected work done in this country on the problems of dengue is presented here.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords:Co-infection; Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever; Dengue Virus; Immunopathology
ID Code:6765
Deposited On:22 Oct 2010 06:37
Last Modified:16 May 2016 17:04

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