Studies on scaling of flow noise received at the stagnation point of an axisymmetric body

Arakeri, V. H. ; Satyanarayana, S. G. ; Mani, K. ; Sharma, S. D. (1991) Studies on scaling of flow noise received at the stagnation point of an axisymmetric body Journal of Sound and Vibration, 146 (3). pp. 449-462. ISSN 0022-460X

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A description of the studies related to the problem of scaling of flow noise received at the stagnation point of axisymmetric bodies is provided. The source of flow noise under consideration is the transitional/turbulent regions of the boundary layer flow on the axisymmetric body. Lauchle has recently shown that the noise measured in the laminar region (including the stagnation point) corresponds closely to the noise measured in the transition region, provided that the acoustic losses due to diffraction are accounted for. The present study includes experimental measurement of flow noise at the stagnation point of three different shaped axisymmetric headforms. One of the body shapes chosen is that used by Lauchle in similar studies. This was done to establish the effect of body size on flow noise. The results of the experimental investigations clearly show that the flow noise received at the stagnation point is a strong function of free stream velocity, a moderately strong function of body scale but a weak function of boundary layer thickness. In addition, there is evidence that when body scale change is involved, flow noise amplitude scales but no frequency shift is involved. A scaling procedure is proposed based on the present observations along with those of Lauchle. At a given frequency, the amplitude of noise level obtained under model testing conditions is first scaled to account for differences in the velocity and size corresponding to the prototype conditions; then a correction to this is applied to account for losses due to diffraction, which are estimated on the basis of the geometric theory of diffraction (GTD) with the source being located at the predicted position of turbulent transition. Use of the proposed scaling law to extrapolate presently obtained noise levels to two other conditions involving larger-scale bodies show good agreement with actually measured levels, in particular at higher frequencies. Since model scale results have been used successfully to predict levels on larger-sized bodies tested in a totally different environment, the present data along with the proposed scaling procedure can be used to predict the expected flow noise levels at prototype scales during preliminary design studies.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
ID Code:673
Deposited On:25 Sep 2010 05:04
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