Crystal structures and thermal analyses of alkyl 2-deoxy-α-D-arabino-hexopyranosides

Kumar Singh, Madan ; Swain, Diptikanta ; Guru Row, Tayur N. ; Jayaraman, Narayanaswamy (2009) Crystal structures and thermal analyses of alkyl 2-deoxy-α-D-arabino-hexopyranosides Carbohydrate Research, 344 (15). pp. 1993-1998. ISSN 0008-6215

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The crystal structures of alkyl 2-deoxy-α-D-arabino-hexopyranosides, with the alkyl chain lengths from C8 to C18, are established by the single crystal X-ray structural determination. The even-alkyl chain length derivatives crystallized orthorhombic, with space group P212121, whereas the odd-alkyl chain length derivatives crystallized monoclinic, with space group P21. The sugar moieties retained a 4C1 chair conformation and the conformation of the alkyl chains was all-trans. The molecules formed a bilayer structure, in which alkyl chains were interdigitated. The hydrogen bonds, originating from the sugar moieties, were observed in adjacent layers and also within the same layer, resulting in the formation of infinite chains. The alkyl chains arranged parallel to each other and formed planar structures. The thermal properties of the alkyl 2-deoxy glucosides were analyzed further. It was observed that none of the derivatives exhibited mesomorphism. This study establishes that the absence of the hydroxyl group at C-2 of the sugar moiety results in a non-mesogenic nature of the alkyl 2-deoxy-α-D-glycosides, as opposed to the profound mesogenic nature of the normal alkyl glycosides.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:2-Deoxy Glycosides; Glycolipids; Hydrogen Bonding; Liquid Crystals; Solid-State Structures
ID Code:65987
Deposited On:20 Oct 2011 07:13
Last Modified:11 Jul 2012 04:10

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