Influence of mass transfer in distillation: feasibility and design

Baur, R. ; Krishna, R. ; Taylor, R. (2005) Influence of mass transfer in distillation: feasibility and design AIChE Journal, 51 (3). pp. 854-866. ISSN 0001-1541

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The influence is considered of mass transfer on distillation column design. The column design equations incorporating mass-transfer effects are similar to the conventional design equations and are as easy to solve numerically. Mass-transfer effects do not influence pinch-point curves and pitchfork distillation boundaries. Mass transfer does, however, change the composition trajectories, which might thus cross the pinch-point curves. Inclusion of mass transfer in the design equations allows us to estimate the actual number of stages (or the column height). The curvature of composition trajectories may have a significant impact on the total number of stages and on the feed stage location. Mass-transfer effects do not influence the minimum reflux for columns involving a very sharp split. However, and contrary to previous reports, mass-transfer effects may strongly affect the minimum reflux for less than very sharp separations. Mass-transfer effects should be taken into consideration when trace components are a concern. A feasible design based on residue curve maps might be rejected by a design method based on mass transfer. More important, however, the converse also is true.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
Keywords:Distillation; Mass transfer; Feasibility; Design
ID Code:65382
Deposited On:17 Oct 2011 03:23
Last Modified:17 Oct 2011 03:23

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