On the Langmuir-Hinshelwood formulation for zeolite catalysed reactions

Krishna, R. ; Baur, R. (2005) On the Langmuir-Hinshelwood formulation for zeolite catalysed reactions Chemical Engineering Science, 60 (4). pp. 1155-1166. ISSN 0009-2509

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2004.09.077


The Langmuir-Hinshelwood (LH) rate expression is often used to describe the kinetics of heterogeneously catalysed reactions using zeolites. A factor θ nV≡(1-∑ iθi)n in the LH expression allows for the reduction of the reaction rate with increased fractional occupancies θi of the individual species involved in an n-molecular reaction on the catalyst surface. Most commonly in practice the multicomponent Langmuir (MCL) approach is used for calculation of the fractional occupancies giving θv≡ 1/(1+∑ibipi)where the bi are the Langmuir adsorption constants and pi are the partial pressures in the gas phase. The LH-MCL approach is, however, thermodynamically consistent only when the saturation capacities of all the individual species in the mixture are identical to one another, or when the component loadings are small. For mixtures containing molecules with different saturation capacities, the sorption loadings are significantly affected by entropy effects, especially for high loadings within the zeolite catalyst. In the general case we need to determine the sorption loadings, and occupancies, using the Ideal Adsorbed Solution Theory. Using the gas phase isomerization of n-hexane with MFI zeolite catalyst as an illustration we demonstrate the limitations of the LH-MCL kinetics for calculation of reactor conversions. More significantly, we demonstrate how entropy effects can be exploited in simulated moving bed reactor configuration to obtain supra-equilibrium conversions and improved reaction selectivities.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Zeolite Catalysis; Isomerization; Molecular Simulations; Packed Bed Reactor; Simulated Moving Bed Reactor; Langmuir-Hinshelwood Kinetics; Ideal Adsorbed Solution Theory; Entropy Effects; MFI Zeolite
ID Code:65379
Deposited On:17 Oct 2011 03:23
Last Modified:17 Oct 2011 03:23

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