Loading dependence of self-diffusivities of gases in zeolites

Krishna, R. ; van Baten, J. M. (2007) Loading dependence of self-diffusivities of gases in zeolites Chemical Engineering & Technology, 30 (9). pp. 1235-1241. ISSN 0930-7516

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ceat.20...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ceat.200700127


Experimental data on the self-diffusivities, Di,self, of a variety of gases (CH4, N2, Kr, C2H6, and C3H8) in three different zeolites, LTA, FAU, and MFI, show different dependences on the molar loading, qi. In LTA, Di,self appears to increase with qi for all molecules except N2. In FAU and in MFI the Di,self shows a sharp decrease with increasing qi. In order to gain insights into the causes behind the loading dependences, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were carried out to determine the self-diffusivities of seven gases (CH4, N2, Kr, C2H6, C3H8, Ar, and Ne) in six different all-silica zeolite structures (MFI, AFI, FAU, CHA, DDR, and LTA). The simulation results show that the variation of Di,self with qi is determined by a variety of factors that include molecular size and shape, and degree of confinement within the zeolite. For one-dimensional channels (AFI) and intersecting channel structures (MFI), the Di,self invariably decreases with increasing qi. For zeolite structures that consist of cages separated by windows (FAU, CHA, DDR, LTA), the size of the windows is an important determinant. When the windows are wide (FAU), the Di,self decreases with qi for all molecules. If the windows are narrow (CHA, DDR and LTA), the Di,self often exhibits a sharp increase with qi, reaches a maximum and reduces to near-zero values at saturation. The sharpness with which Di,self increases with qi, is dictated by the degree of confinement at the window. Weakly confined molecules, such as Ne, do not exhibit an increase of Di,self with qi.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords:Self-diffusivities; Simulations; Zeolites
ID Code:65359
Deposited On:17 Oct 2011 03:27
Last Modified:17 Oct 2011 03:27

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