Dune associated calcretes, rhizoliths and paleosols from the Western continental shelf of India

Purnachandra Rao, V. ; Thamban, M. (1997) Dune associated calcretes, rhizoliths and paleosols from the Western continental shelf of India Journal of the Geological Society of India, 49 . pp. 297-306. ISSN 0016-7622

PDF - Publisher Version

Official URL: http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/2043/2/J_Geo...


The calcareous deposits on the western continental shelf of India, off Bhatkal (water depths 50 to 58 m) occur as crusts, sheets, cylinders and reddish brown mudstones. The outer layers of the crusts are micrite-dominated and beneath this layer detrital/carbonate sands with thin heavy mineral laminations are found. Textural studies indicate that the detrital sands are derived from dunes. Drusy calcite and neomorphic calcite cements are associated with the sands. Sheet deposits contain coarse calcareous component-dominated layer within micrite layers and abundant micrite cements. These are similar to dune associated calcretes. Cylinders are rhizoliths and show different stages of root calcification. Circular bodies, about 0.15 mm to 0.70 mm diameter, interpreted as vascular cylinders of the root tissues are typical. Radial fibrous calcite and spar calcite with inclusions indicate neomorphic cements. Reddish brown mudstones contain calcified root-hair sheaths, micrite glaebules and reworked pollen suggesting that these are indurated soils. X-ray diffraction studies indicate the presence of ferroan calcite, quartz, pyriie and dolomite in rhizoliths and ferroan calcite, goethite and quartz in mudstones. Mudstones and some rhizoliths are Fe-rich and some other rhizoliths are Fe-poor but enriched with Mg and Mn. The particulate matter in the calcareous deposits were initially at the proximity of the coast and cemented by metastable calcites during the ultimate Pleistocene intcrglacial sea-level stands on the shelf. Pedogenic cementation processes overprinted and developed them into eolianites and paleosols during the subsequent Late Pleistocene sea-level regression. The compositional differences of these deposits were apparently controlled by type of sediments and associated sedimentary environments.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Geological Society of India.
Keywords:Sedimentology; Calcretes; Rhizoliths; Paleosols; Continental Shelf
ID Code:64241
Deposited On:07 Oct 2011 06:05
Last Modified:18 May 2016 12:43

Repository Staff Only: item control page